Friday 21 October 2011

International Stammering Awareness Day - Saturday 22nd October 2011

Stand up to stammering with

International Stammering Awareness Day - Saturday 22nd October 2011

Did you know?

• Stammering affects approximately 109,000 children between the ages of 5-16, and 459,000 adults, which is 1% of the adult population (1)

• Stammering is best addressed in early childhood because delaying treatment until school age can risk exposing children to serious social and psychological effects of chronic and intractable stuttering,(2) developing specific fears of certain sounds, words and situations (3)

Experts don't know for sure what causes stammering but most believe that the speech disorder occurs as the result of a variety of factors including genetics, developmental stammering and neurological factors (4) has a wealth of information on the risk factors of stammering occuring, treatments, and how to speak to stammer sufferers, especially for parents who have concerns. It is not uncommon for a child between the ages of 2 and 5 to have a period of temporary stammering. This is a crucial time of speech and language development. Visit the children’s health guide on how to help a stammering child here:

What is stammering?

Stammering, which is also known as stuttering and ‘disfluency’, is a speech disorder. There are two main types of stammer:

• Developmental - the most common and widely recognised type of stammering. It develops during childhood as a child learns to speak, usually beginning around the age of three-and-a-half years

• Acquired or late-onset - this can occur in adults as the result of a severe head injury, stroke or progressive neurological disease (disease affecting the nerves). It can also be caused by certain drugs or medication, or psychological or emotional trauma. (5)

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